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English Communication

Forms of the verb

In English there are three main types of verb tense: simple,continuous and perfect. Students tend to mix up parts of different forms and this is not correct in English.

FORM (using go as an example)
. Present (to show habitual action)  Past (to show an action that was done in the past)
Go, goes
Am/is/are going
Has/have gone 
Was/were going
Had gone

Simple present and past forms consist of one word only. The simple present tense form of the verb is the form in a dictionary. It is sometimes called the base form. When the subject is singular you add s to the simple form of the verb. Sometimes adding the letter s
also requires a change in spelling. The simple past tense form of a regular verb is made by adding –ed to the simple form. There are many irregular verbs in English. The most common ones are usually listed in a dictionary.

Continuous forms begin with part of the verb be (am/is/are/was/were) and end with  –ing.

The perfect forms begin with part of the verb have (have/has/had) and end with a past participle. In a regular verb the past participle is the same as the simple past tense, ending in –ed.Use a good dictionary to check the irregular forms.


Verb to be

1) BE

 I am    I was
You/We/They /are     You/We/They were

2) DO

 I/You/We/They do    I/You/We/They did
  He/She/It does  He/She/It did

3) HAS

I/You/We/They have I/You/We/They had
He/She/It has  He/She/It/ had


Buku Rujukan:-
1. Headway Elementary workbook (Liz & John Soars)
2.Common Errors For SPM English ( Annie Lee)

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