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Unit 1
English Communication
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UNIT 1
 

      AM/IS/ARE

Verb to be

FORM

1) BE

             PRESENT                                                        PAST

            I am                                                 I was

      You/We/They /are                               You/We/They were

2) DO

          I/You/We/They do                             I/You/We/They did

            He/She/It does                                  He/She/It did

3) HAS

          I/You/We/They have                         I/You/We/They had

          He/She/It has                                    He/She/It/ had
 

1)     What's your name?
 

        Complete the conversations.

A      Hello. What's your name?

B      Suzanne. What's 

A      My name John. Whereyou,Suzanne?

B      I from Paris.

you from, John?

  London.

C.     Hello. Rosie. a student.
 
 
 
 

2.     I'm from France.

        Write sentences.
 
 


Jean-Paul 

 Christina

Ivan 
C

Fatima

Mayumi 

Pablo

 3.     I'm a doctor.

        Write sentences using the words in the box.
 

a student  a nurse a doctor a travel agent a teacher a shop assistant
a. I'm a doctor b. 
c.  d. 
e.  f. 


 

4.         Write about the people
 
 


Example
 
 

He's Bruce Roberts.
He's from Australia.
He's a dentist.
He's twenty-five.

a. 

b.

c. 

d. 

e.

f. 

g. 

h. 

5.      Short and Long Forms
      Write the long forms

Example : I'm a student. I am a student
 
 

a.     What's your name ?
b.     My name's  Peter.
c.     She's married.
d.     They're from Italy.
e.      I'm nineteen.
f.       He's a doctor.
g.      You're French.
h.      We're students.


 

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS AND ADJECTIVES

We use   possessive pronouns and  adjectives  to show that something belongs to somebody.

We use  possessive pronouns  without a noun:

  1.     When the noun is understood:
          Is this Lina’s book?
          No, it’s mine. (= my book)

  2.     When making comparisons :
          Our car is bigger than yours.

We use possessive adjectives before nouns to say who is the possessor of the noun.
Possessive adjectives do not change in form.  The noun after them can be plural,
singluar, masculine,feminine,etc.

My book                      my books               our child         our children

             His friends                   her brother/sister/house,etc.
 
 

       FORM
 

       Possessive adjectives                              Possessive pronouns

       My house                                                                mine

       Your shoes                                                              yours

       His keys                                                                  his

       Her hat                                                                    hers

       Our car                                                                    ours

       Their bicycles                                                         theirs

        Its roof                                                                   its

Its is a possessive adjective. It’s is a contraction (short form). It’s = It is.
 
 

Posessive adjectives

6.     my and your

        Put my or your into the gaps.

a.     Hello. name's Jenny.

b.     What's name ?

c.     Is Catherine sister?

d.     John Ann , this is brother , Dick.

        Ann Hello , Dick

        Dick Hello.
 
 
 

7.     his and her

        Put his or her into the gaps.

a.     'What's name? 'Elizabeth'.

b. name is James Baker.

c.     I have a son. name is David.

d.     Marie is from France.  Flat is in Paris.
 
 

Vocabulary and pronunciation

8.     Countries and nationalities
        Use your dictionary and write the nationalities.
 

Country Nationality
   
a.     England
b.     Germany
c.     Italy
d.     Japan
e.     Brazil
f.     Spain
g.    Scotland
h.    France
i.     the United States
j.     Wales
k.    Switzerland
l.     China
m.   Mexico


 

ARTICLES


Some rules regarding the use of articles:

1.     Singular countable nouns must always have an article.

       We use  a  before a consonant sound and   an  before a countable noun that begins
       with a vowel sound :

       A  horse, a cat, a dog, an elephant, an orange, an hour

       A/an cannot be used before plural countable nouns
 

2.     A  is not used in front of uncountable nouns.  Some is frequently used with an
       uncountable noun:

       Some water, some rice
 

3.     Some is also used with plural countable nouns:

        Some apples, some horses
 

4.     We must use an article when we are talking of someone’s job or occupation:

        He is a salesman and his wife is an engineer.
 
 

A OR AN?


9.      What’s this in English?

                Use your dictionary and write a or an and the noun.
 
 
 


A     a boy 

an apple

C

D








 
10.     An American car

         Complete the sentences with one word from each column.
 

A B C

a
an 

American
international
French
Swiss
English
Japanese
German
Italian 
camera
city
car
university
language
car
watch
drink

Example

A Cadillac is an American car.
 

A    Champagne is  .
B    A Rolex is .
C    Oxford is .
D    English is .
E    Milan is .
F    A Mercedes is .
G   A  Pentax is .

11.     Telephone numbers
 

        Notice how we say telephone numbers:
        We pronounce ‘O’ as  ‘oh’

        68296         six  eight  two  nine  six

        994 0332    double nine four, oh double three two

        (071) 498 2563   oh seven one, four nine eight,
                                    two five six three
 

        Say the phone numbers.

    A  43816
    B  933 672
    C  (041) 228 7153
    D  (0225) 69026

What is your phone number?

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